An acquired brain injury (also known as traumatic brain injury) is an injury to the brain that has occurred after birth. It is not hereditary, congenital or degenerative. It may be caused by trauma of external physical force or internal insults or damage to the brain caused by tumors, blood clots, strokes, seizures, infections and lack of oxygen to the brain.

A head trauma resulting in a traumatic brain injury is often due to hitting the head or experiencing sudden, jarring movement. There are numerous potential injuries that can happen to the brain from a variety of events. An accident, fall or other physical head trauma may cause a brain injury. The outcome for a brain-injured person is often difficult to predict but definitely requires assessment by a physician, or rehabilitation therapist.

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